Collaboration as graphs: Formatting Collaborative Design generative sessions from Social Network Analysis

Main Article Content

Guilherme Parolin
Tânia Luisa Koltermann da Silva

Abstract

Social Network Analysis (SNA) is demonstrably efficient as a method for studying several phenomena. However, its application as a basis for analysing in-person collaborative design sessions is still relatively scarce. Thus, this paper studies, in an exploratory manner, the applicability of SNA as an auxiliary framework for building co-creative design sessions. For that purpose, this research facilitated a generative session in a real context of a product design project. The interactions which took place during the session were analysed through SNA via the establishment, in the shape of graphs, of the perceived interactions by participants. The development process of facilitating materials for the generative session, such as its sensibilization kit, and other support media, is exemplified and possibilities of analysis for the sociograms developed are proposed. It concludes that SNA has the potential as a tool to provide analysis and subsequent systematic intervention in Collaborative Design sessions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Parolin, G., & Koltermann da Silva, T. L. (2021). Collaboration as graphs: Formatting Collaborative Design generative sessions from Social Network Analysis. AWARI, 2(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.47909/awari.84
Section
Original article

References

De Nooy, W. (2008). Social Network Analysis. [s. l.], 1–22.

Dorst, K. (2015). Frame creation and design in the expanded field. She Ji: The journal of design, economics, and innovation, 1(1), 22-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sheji.2015.07.003

Feast, L. (2012). Professional perspectives on collaborative design work. CoDesign, 8(4), 215-230. https://doi.org/10.1080/15710882.2012.734828

Füller, J.; Matzler, K.; & Hoppe, M. (2008). Customers as a Source of Innovation. Journal of Product Innovation Management, [s. l.], p. 608–619.

Hoyer, W. D., Chandy, R., Dorotic, M., Krafft, M., & Singh, S. S. (2010). Consumer cocreation in new product development. Journal of service research, 13(3), 283-296. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1094670510375604

Hyysalo, S., Repo, P., Timonen, P., Hakkarainen, L., & Heiskanen, E. (2016). Diversity and change of user driven innovation modes in companies. International Journal of Innovation Management, 20(02), 1650023. https://doi.org/10.1142/S1363919616500237

Kadushin, C. (2004) Introduction to Social Network Theory. Networks, 63, 60.

Kennedy, V. (2010). Social Network Analysis and Research with Maori collectives. Network, 3, 21.

Klinker, S., & Alexis, J. (2009). FEATURE Design versus innovation: the Cranbrook/IIT debate. Interactions, 16(1), 52-57. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1456202.1456216

Mair, P., Hofmann, E., Gruber, K., Hatzinger, R., Zeileis, A., & Hornik, K. (2015). Motivation, values, and work design as drivers of participation in the R open source project for statistical computing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(48), 14788-14792. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1506047112

Otte, E., & Rousseau, R. (2002). Social network analysis: a powerful strategy, also for the information sciences. Journal of information Science, 28(6), 441-453. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F016555150202800601

Parkhe, A., Wasserman, S., & Ralston, D. A. (2006). New frontiers in network theory development. Academy of management Review, 31(3), 560-568. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2006.21318917

Sanders, E. B. N., & Stappers, P. J. (2008). Co-creation and the new landscapes of design. Co-design, 4(1), 5-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/15710880701875068

Sonnenwald, D. H. (1996). Communication roles that support collaboration during the design process. Design studies, 17(3), 277-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/0142-694X(96)00002-6

Stappers, P. J., & Visser, F. S. (2007). Bringing participatory design techniques to industrial design engineers. In DS 43: Proceedings of E&PDE 2007, the 9th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, University of Northumbria, Newcastle, UK, 13.-14.09. 2007 (pp. 117-122).

Visser, F. S., Stappers, P. J., Van der Lugt, R., & Sanders, E. B. (2005). Contextmapping: experiences from practice. CoDesign, 1(2), 119-149. https://doi.org/10.1080/15710880500135987

Wasserman, S.; & Faust, K. (1994). Social network analysis: Methods and applications. Cambridge University Press.

Wood, D. J., & Gray, B. (1991). Toward a comprehensive theory of collaboration. The Journal of applied behavioral science, 27(2), 139-162. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0021886391272001