When the attributive becomes relational. A look at the innovative sector in Argentina based on regional customer and supplier networks by activity branch (2012-2018)

Authors

  • Nicolás Vladimir Chuchco Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios Avanzados (CIEA), Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero (UNTREF), Argentina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47909/awari.149

Keywords:

2-mode networks, innovation, employment

Abstract

This paper compares the relations between certain branches and companies of the innovative sector in Argentina with the regions of the map with which they maintain commercial ties. Data from the National Survey on the Dynamics of Employment and Innovation (ENDEI- MINCyT and MTEySS) were used, which contain anonymous information on innovative companies. From these data, relational matrices were constructed in 2-modes between nodes (companies), suppliers and clients (at the regional level), segmented by company size and activity branches. We focused on identifying differences and similarities according to the company's activity branch and size and the composition of regional exchanges between clients and suppliers for the periods 2010-2012 and 2016-2018, which corresponded to the ENDEI I and II bases. 2-mode networks were built, linking companies with the regions where they have customers and suppliers, resulting in multiplexed bimodal networks. Specific branches were selected, and one-mode networks were built, obtaining symmetric matrices from the technique of co-occurrence and affiliation. Cohesion and centrality calculations yielded higher density for customer networks than supplier networks in food sectors. Regarding centrality, a higher nodal degree of exports was observed for the Mercosur region and the rest of Latin America and, to a lesser extent, for the regions of the northern hemisphere (Europe, USA and Canada) and Asia, Africa, and Oceania. Regarding the nodal degree and density, a drop was observed between periods when comparing the two surveys, except for clients in the case of the pharmaceutical industry, showing an improvement for the Mercosur, Latin America and Asia regions.

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Published

2022-05-12

How to Cite

Chuchco, N. V. (2022). When the attributive becomes relational. A look at the innovative sector in Argentina based on regional customer and supplier networks by activity branch (2012-2018). AWARI, 3. https://doi.org/10.47909/awari.149

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Original article